In the 1930s experiments were made to try and create a flying aircraft carrier. One of these was the airship USS Akron, capable of holding 3 aircraft, which could take off and then return to the airship by hooking on to a frame that lifted the aircraft back inside. Sadly the airship was destroyed when it crashed into the Atlantic in a heavy storm. 73 people died.
The next version was the USS Macon, which was faster and could hold twice the aircraft than her predecessor. Unfortunately Macon too crashed, but with only 2 losses. Wikipedia links: USS Akron & USS Macon.